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不规则动词的变化形式及规律(来源于快乐英语的博客)  

2010-09-18 11:05:46|  分类: 英语学习(新目标 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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英语不规则动词分类记忆

一、AAA型(原形→原形→原形)

原形

过去式

过去分词

read

read

read

cut

cut

cut

let

let

let

put

put

put

cost

cost

cost

hit

hit

hit

set

set

set

hurt

hurt

hurt

shut

shut

shut

 

二、ABA型(原形→过去式→原形)

 o/u /Λ/→a/?/→/Λ/

原形

过去式

过去分词

become

became

become

come

came

come

run

ran

run

 

三、ABC型

1. ow/aw/y →ew/u:/ →own/?un/

 

原形

过去式

过去分词

 

blow

blew

blown

 

grow

grew

grown

 

know

Knew/nju:/

known

 

draw

drew

drawn

fly

flew

flown

 

2. i→a/?/ →u/Λ/

原形

过去式

过去分词

begin

began

begun

drink

drank

drunk

sing

sang

sung

swim

swam

swum

ring

rang

rung

 

3. 原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

原形

过去式

过去分词

bear

bore

born

wear

wore

worn

speak

spoke

spoken

freeze

froze

frozen

choose

chose

chosen

steal

stole

stolen

get

got

gotten

forget

forgot

forgotten

 

4. 原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

原形

过去式

过去分词

eat

ate

eaten

see

saw

seen

give

gave

given

fall

fell

fallen

do

did

done

go

went

gone

take

took

taken

mistake

mistook

mistaken

be(am.is.are)

was/ were

been

shake

shook

shaken

ride

rode/r?ud/

ridden/’ridn/

write

wrote

written/’ritn/

forbid

forbade

forbidden

 

四、ABB型

 

1. 原形→ought →ought

原形

过去式

过去分词

bring

brought

brought

buy

bought

bought

fight

fought

fought

think

thought

thought

 

2. 原形→aught →aught

原形

过去式

过去分词

catch

caught

caught

teach

taught

taught

 

3. 变其中一个元音字母

原形

过去式

过去分词

feed

fed

fed

meet

met

met

lead

led

led

hold

held

held

babysit

babysat

babysat

sit

sat

sat

stick

stuck

stuck

win

won

won

find

found

found

 

4. 变其中一个辅音字母

原形

过去式

过去分词

mean

meant/ment/

meant

hear

Heard/h?:d/

heard

make

made

made

lend

lent

lent

send

sent

sent

spend

spent

spent

 

5. 原形→□lt→□lt

原形

过去式

过去分词

feel

felt

felt

leave

left

left

deal

dealt/delt/

dealt

build

built

built

 

6. 原形→□ept→□ept/ept/

原形

过去式

过去分词

keep

kept

kept

sleep

slept

slept

sweep

swept

swept

 

7辅音字母和元音字母都变

原形

过去式

过去分词

have

had

had

lay

lain

lain

lose

lost

lost

sell

sold

sold

tell

told

told

stand

stood

stood

understand

understood

understood

pay

paid

paid

say

said

said

 

五、AAB型

 

原形

过去式

过去分词

beat

beat

beaten

 

六、有两种形式

原形

过去式

过去分词

汉语意思

hang

hanged

hanged

吊死

hung

hung

light

lit

lit

点燃

lighted

lighted

可作前置定语

lie

lied

lied

说谎

lay

lain

show

showed

showed

给…看

showed

shown

learn

learned

learned

learnt

learnt

spell

spelled

spelled

spelt

spelt

burn

burned

burned

burnt

burnt

smell

smelled

smelled

smelt

smelt

shine

shined

shined

照耀

shone

shone

dream

dreamed

dreamed

做梦

dreamt

dreamt

wake

waked

waked

woke

woken

hide

hid

hid

躲藏

hid

hidden

 

七、情态动词

原形

过去式

过去分词

can

could

may

might

must

shall

should

will

would

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