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Unit 15 We’re trying to save the manatees!重点初三第15单元  

2011-03-17 09:54:16|  分类: 新目标九年级英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 15 We’re trying to save the manatees!重点
 

Unit 15 We’re trying to save the manatees!重点

一 . [话题](Topic) Debate an issue.

二 .[重点词组](Key Phrases)

1.be like            2.try to do

3. used to           4. be suitable for

5.be surprised to do   6.care for

7.take care of       8.disagree with

9.ride in cars        10.in one’s spare time

11.raise money     

 

三 .[交际用语]

1. We’re trying to save the manatees.

  2. Manatees eat about 100 pounds of food a day.

  3. There used to be a lot of manatees.

  4. In 1972, it was discovered that they were endangered.

  5. Some of the swamps have become polluted.

  6. Zoos are terrible places for animals to live.

  7. I’m writing to say that …

四. [重点难点释义](Language Points)

1. I am like this animal because I am strong and intelligent.

Be like=look like=be similar to 像,看起来像。如:

He is like his father。他像他的父亲。

= He looks like his father.

= He is similar to his father.

这里的like作介词,意思为“像”,like 还可做动词用,表示“喜欢”,like(doing)

sth.喜欢做某事。如:

He likes his father very much.

他很喜欢他的父亲。

Mary likes playing volleyball.

玛丽喜欢打排球。

2. How big are manatees? 海牛有多大?

How big... 询问体重。以how组合的疑问词组有很多,如:how old(询问年龄),how often(询问频率),how long(询问动作持续的长短),how much(询问质量或者价钱),how far(询问距离)how many(询问数量),how soon (询问过多久)

英语中表示长度、高度、宽度、深度和重量的表达法有:

eg. The bridge is nearly 2000 meters long.

    这座桥长将近2000米。

 eg. This elephant is 1000 pounds heavy./This elephant weighs 1000 pounds.

 这头象重1000吨。

3….they weigh about 1,000 pounds,

……他们大约重1000磅。

Weigh 称……重量,测……重量。如:

He weighed the stone in his hand.

他用手掂了掂这块石头的重量。

The piece of meat weighs four pounds.

这块肉重四磅。

Weight 还可用做名词,重量。如:

What is your weight?

你的体重是多少?

4. We’re trying to save the manatees.

 我们正在竭尽全力拯救海牛.

Try to do =try one’s best to do

努力去做某事。如:

Every student should try to study hard in order to study in a university.

为了进入大学学习,每个学生都应该努力学习。

5. I’m writing to say that I am against building a new zoo in our town.

 Against 介词,反对,违反,与……相反(=opposite)如:

Are most people against the proposal?

大多数人反对这项提议吗?

Against 介词还有触,碰,倚,靠的意思.如:

Put the piano there, with its back, against the wall.把钢琴放在那里,背靠着墙.

Be against doing sth. 反对做某事,反义词组是 be for doing sth, 赞成某事.

如: All the people around the world are against cloning human beings.

 全世界的人民反对克隆人类.

All of us are for peace and against war.

我们都赞成和平,反对战争.

6. I’ve visited a lot of zoos in my life, and I have never seen one I liked or one that was suitable for animals to live in.

(1) be suitable for sb to do sth. 表示 “适合某人做某事”,这里suitable 是suit的形容词形式,表示 “合适的”.如:

This kind of bamboo is not suitable for pandas to eat.

这种竹子不适合给熊猫吃.

This dress suits you very much, but unfortunately it doesn’t fit you.

这套女装款式非常适合你,只可惜大小不合适.

(2)to live in 在此处作animals的后置定语. 英语中动词不定式短语做名词定语,放在后面.如:

There is nothing for us to worry about.我们没有什么可以担心的.

7. The animals are kept in tiny cages.动物被关在极小的笼子里.

Tiny=little 很小的 ,带有感情色彩.

区别, the tiny country 国家小 (含可爱的意思)

a small country 小国家(与large country 相对应)

a little boy 爱怜之意,(不含身材矮小)

tiny 和little 常做定语,一般不做表语,small 既可以做定语,也可以做表语.

Little 还可表示 “一点点的”,修饰不可数名词.如

There is a little milk in the bottle.瓶里有一点点的牛奶.

8.I was surprised to find hardly anyone there.我非常惊讶地发现在那几乎没有人.

Surprised 在这里是过去分词做形容词.

常用词组:be surprised at sth对某事感到惊讶.

be surprised to do sth很惊讶地做某事.

In surprise 惊奇地

To one’s surprise 使某人惊奇地.如:

I was surprised at the news to hear the news. 听到这个消息我很吃惊.

Surprise =amaze 使……惊讶

Surprising 惊讶的(侧重指事物本身具有的特点),如:

His words surprised me.

他的话使我大吃一惊.

It is surprising news.

它是一个令人惊讶的消息.

9. They provide homes for many endangered animals, and help to educate the public about caring for them.(动物园)他们为许多濒危的动物提供了家,也有助于教育众人来关心这些动物.

Provide sb with sth.

Provide sth for sb 提供给某人某物

The firm provided me with a car.

公司给我一辆汽车.

Can you provided accommodation for thirty people?

你能为30人提供住宿吗?

Provide for sb 供应某人所需.如:

They worked hard to provide for their large family.

他们努力工作以供养一家人.

He has a large family to provide for.

他要养活一个大家庭.

The public 指 “民众,公众”.在英语中,定冠词the 后接形容词表示一类人.如:

The young 年轻人    the wounded 受伤的人

Care for 可做 “照顾,照料,看护”的意思.如:

Would you like care for a cup of tea?

你要不要来杯茶?   

10. I urge all of your readers to visit our wonderful zoo soon.

我们竭力主张你们所有的读者赶快来参观我们的很棒的动物园.

Urge 力劝,鼓励,怂恿,极力主张,强调.如:

They urged us to go with them.

他们怂恿我们一起去.

She urged the important of speed.

她强调速度的重要性.

Urge 强烈的欲望,冲动, urgent 紧急的.如:

He has an urge to travel. 他有去旅行的强烈欲望.

词组: urge sth, on/upon sb 极力推荐或力陈某事物

urge sb on sth 鼓励某人做某事.

Urge against 极力反对

11. You have probably never heard of Amy Winterbourne.

你可能从没听说过艾米.温特波尼.

(1)   hear 听见(过去式heard,过去分词heard)

hear sb do/doing sth .听见某人做/正在做某事. 如:

I listened carefully but heard nothing . 我仔细听但是什么也没听到.

I often hear him sing in the next room. 我常听他在隔壁唱歌.

词组:hear of /about “听说, 听到”, 强调从别人那里间接得到的信息.其否定形式表示 “不同意”, “不予考虑”.如:

I don’t know the writer, but I have heard of him. 我不认识这位作家,但是听说过他.

I won’t hear of such a thing. 我不赞同此事.

(2)hear from “收到……的来信, 同意”, 与词组get a letter from sb 或receive a letter from sb. 同义.如:

I haven’t heard from him for a long time.我好长时间没收到他的来信了.

12. Amy recently won…艾米最近赢得了……

win 赢(过去式 won ,过去分词won,现在分词winning)如:

win a race /a battle /a prize 赢得赛跑/战役/战争/奖品.

Win against /over sb 战胜某人.

Beat 也表示 “赢,打败(常接对象)”,如:

Beat Class 3 /Mary /No 1. Middle School’s football team.赢/打败3班/玛丽/第一中学足球队.

Lose 失败, lose to sb,败给某人.

Winner 胜利者.

13….and sells them to raise money for the Children’s Hospital……..

并卖掉它们来为儿童医院集资.

Raise (1)集结,召集,筹措,意为get or bring together. 如:

Raise an army 召集一支军队

Raise funds for a holiday 筹集度假费用

(2)举起,抬起,意为 lift up, move from a lower to a higher level.

Raise one’s hope 燃起某人的希望.

Raise one’s glass to sb 向某人敬酒

Raise one’s hand to sb. 象某人伸拳

Raise one’s voice 提高声音

(3)提出,意为:bring up for discussion or attention. 如:

raise a new point 提出一新论点.

Raise a new question 提出一新问题.

(4) 抚养,饲养,意为:breed, grow. 如:

raise pigs 养猪

I was born in Wuhan and raised in Wuhan.

我生在武汉,长在武汉.

 

  

五.语法知识

1. be(get,become)used to结构在意义上相当于accustomed to“习惯于”,从形态上看,used是个分词型形容词,to是介词,因此后面只能跟名词、代词或动名词。例如: They got used to living in the countryside.他们已习惯于住在农村。

I've got used to being a vegetarian.我已经习惯吃素食。

He is used to hard work.他习惯于艰苦工作。

2. be used to表示“习惯于某事”的状态,而get used to则表示由“不习惯”到“习惯于”这一动态的过程,意思是:“(变得)习惯于”;“开始习惯于”。试比较:

He was used to the cold weather after he lived there for two years.在那里住两年后,他已习惯了寒冷的天气。

I think it is a bit difficult for you to get used to the humid weather here.

我想,让你习惯于这里潮湿而炎热的天气有点困难。

You'll soon get used to living in the country.很快你就会习惯于住在乡下了

 

 

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